Creating Scoring/Analytic Rubrics

Rubrics are a popular tool for outlining criteria and for assessing and evaluating student achievement. They are often in a table/matrix with 3-4 levels and descriptions of criteria per each level. Once developed, a good rubric can be used for years. Here are some simple steps to create a rubric.

Suggested Steps in Creating Rubrics

  1. Clearly identify the learning expectations, objectives of task, performance, or final product to be evaluated.
  2. Brainstorm possible criteria of student performance, product, or process
    • Include criteria that reflect a broad range of knowledge and skills (i.e., knowledge and understanding; application and analysis; creativity) as appropriate for the particular performance, product, or process
  3. From the brainstormed list, identify key specific, observable, and measurable criteria that best reflect the learning to be assessed
    • Select only the top 5-7 criteria (if you have more - it takes too long to mark)
    • Avoid having a lengthy and practically unusable rubric with too many criteria
  4. Create a table of 5 columns wide X 10 rows. Using a word processing program is easiest. You can adjust column/row width as needed later on. An effective rubric includes four levels/steps in the learning continuum that spans 0-100% for grading.
  5. Phrase the criteria explicitly so there is no confusion about what is being assessed and put each of the criteria in rows in the first column.
    • Check to ensure the criteria helps the student know what to do
    • Often the criteria column has examples of what to expect to guide students in knowing exactly what is expected/not expected
  6. Brainstorm characteristics that describe each criterion and create a continuum of learning through 4 levels using clear descriptions
    • Ensure criteria are consistently addressed at each level using suitable descriptions (e.g., address the same elements in each level)
    • Descriptions (qualifiers) should distinguish differences between levels (see chart on next page)
    • Ensure language is measurable
  7. Add in marks per each level. Can be changed per instructor’s emphasis per assignment or course. Ensure they match the percentages per column.
  8. Reflect and revise rubric as needed (often 2-3 revisions will work out the kinks)

Handout - Creating Scoring/Analytic Rubrics

We have prepared an easy-to-read handout containing the same information as this page:

Creating Scoring / Analytic Rubrics

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